Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease

Tackling the protein dilemma in a low-phosphorous renal diet

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is estimated to affect more than 850 million adults worldwide1, a figure expected to rise. Causing a progressive decline in kidney function, it can eventually lead to end-stage renal disease, requiring regular dialysis or a kidney transplant.

The risk of CKD is greatest in adults aged 60 and above with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Poor heart health, obesity, smoking and family history are other risk factors1 (Figure 1). More than 80% of patients who receive treatment for end-stage kidney disease are from affluent, developed countries with universal access to healthcare and a large elderly population2.

Figure 1. Risk factors associated with CKD 
Figure_CKD-risk-factors.jpg

As the disease progresses, the kidneys have a declining ability to both remove waste from the blood stream and maintain a healthy balance of water and minerals, such as phosphorous, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. People who live with CKD experience increasing tiredness, loss of appetite and a range of other symptoms as a result.

Figure 2 shows the progression of the disease if not well managed.

Figure 2. Stages of chronic kidney disease 

Table-stages-of-CKD.jpg

The dietary dilemma 
A diet low in phosphorous and other minerals can contribute to delaying the progression of CKD. But this is not without challenge, as a diet low in phosphorous also implies a diet low in protein. People can then suffer from protein malnutrition, with negative impact on muscle mass and general health. 

The BLG difference 
Beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) is a whey protein with a natural difference. Comprising high-quality protein with a low content of phosphorous and other minerals, it has the ideal nutritional profile for combatting the protein malnutrition often associated with CKD.  

Produced via crystallisation for unprecedented purity, Lacprodan® BLG-100 contains 26% more essential amino acids, including 45% more leucine, and just 11% of the phosphorous present in a standard whey protein isolate3. Consumed as part of a CKD diet, BLG may help reduce the harmful build-up of phosphorous while ensuring sufficient protein intake. 

We have initiated several clinical studies to document the nutritional effect of BLG in people with varying stages of CKD.  

Inspirational concepts 
To support innovation within CKD nutrition, our application specialists have developed two inspirational concepts with Lacprodan® BLG-100 

  • A refreshing strawberry protein drink with 7% protein for CKD patients at stage 1 to 5 that are not in dialysis 
  • A blood orange-flavoured protein shot with 21% protein for CKD patients in dialysis, who are required to limit their fluid intake 

Read more about Lacprodan® BLG-100, our low-phosphorous whey protein for renal diets. 


  1. Jager KJ et al. 2019. Kidney Int 96, pg. 1048–1050

  2. Adapted from the National kidney foundation, https://www.kidney.org/

  3. Compared to current commercially available whey protein isolates; Gorissen et al. 2018 Dec; 50(12):1685-1695. doi: 10.1007/s00726-018-2640-5. E pub 2018 Aug 30. PMID: 30167963; PMCID: PMC6245118

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